EGEE 500 - Physical Behavior of
Energy & Geo-Environmental Systems
D. Elsworth, R.
Hogg and A. Grader
Tu, Th – 2.30-3.45, 009 Business Building
To develop an understanding of important physical
phenomena involved in geo-environmental systems. Systems are considered that
cover the spectrum from fluids with infinitely dilute suspensions to solid
media with interstitial fluids.
1. Review of Fluid Dynamics
- Heat, mass and momentum
transfer, fluid viscosity.
- Mass conservation - the
- Ideal fluids - energy
conservation - Bernoulli's equation.
- Momentum conservation,
Navier-Stokes equation. Dimensionless groups - Reynolds Number, Froude
- Steady, laminar flow -
Poiseuille's law, Stokes law.
- Boundarylayer theory.
- Turbulent flow - eddies,
scales of turbulence, energy dissipation
- Flow in pipes and channels -
friction factors, fanning equation. Irregular and partially filled
- Pumping - power requirements,
efficiency, pump pressure.
- Flow around submerged objects
- drag coefficient.
- Agitation and mixing – power
requirements, mixing time, suspension of particles
2. Suspensions of Solids in Fluids
- Settling of particles - Stokes
law, drag coefficient/Reynolds number correlations.
- Hindered settling phenomena -
theoretical basis, empirical relationships.
- Flow of suspensions - rheology
of non-Newtonian fluids. Measurement of rheological properties.
3. Phase Behavior
Flow through Porous Media (Diffusive
- Pressure diffusive) (pdf notes)
- Multiple fluids -
5. Heat and Mass
Transport (Diffusive and Convective) (pdf
- Homogeneous reactions -
- Non-ideal Flows.
- Reactive Systems
Flow of Powder and Bulk Solids (pdf notes)
- Interrelationships of
Navier-Stokes and Solid Mechanics Equations.
- Continuum mechanics –
- Discontinuum mechanics
– Particulate systems.
- Friction in static and
flowing beds, angle of repose, internal friction - Coulomb’s law.
- Stresses in powders,
the Mohr's circle, principal stresses, principal planes.
- Stress distributions -
- Strength of powders -
is required and absences will be questioned.
Penn State’s policy on academic integrity applies
to all aspects of course deliverables. Students are encouraged to work
together, in groups, but to submit independent contributions where appropriate,
and collaborative contributions where noted. Further details are available at: http://www.ems.psu.edu/students/integrity/index.html
- Bird, H. Stewart, and
Lightfoot. Transport Phenomena. QA929/.B5/’60
- Munson, B.R., Young, D.F.,
and Okiishi, T.H. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. TA357.M86 1998
- Bain, A., and
Bonnington. Hydraulic Transport of Solids by Pipeline. TJ 898/.B35
- Lapple, C. Fluid and
Particle Mechanics. AQ901/.L3
- Bai, M. and Elsworth,
D. Coupled Processes in Deformation, Flow, and Transport. TA705.B32
- Wang, H.F. Theory of
Linear Poroelasticity. TA706.W34 2000
- Domenico, P.A., and
Schwartz, F.W. Physical and Chemical Hydrogeology. GB1003.2.D66
- Bear, J. Dynamics of
Fluids on Porous Media. TA357.B38 1988.
- Fetter, C.W. Contaminant
Hydrogeology. TD426.F48 1999
- Levenspiel, O. Chemical
Reaction Engineering. TP157.L4 1999
- Fayed, M. and Otten, L.
Handbook of Powder Science and Technology. TP156/.P3/H35/’94
- Craig, R.F. Soil
Mechanics. TA710.C685 1997
- Lambe, T.W. and
Whitman, R. Soil Mechanics. TA710.L245
- Brown, R., and
Richards, J.C. Principles of Powder Mechanics. TA418/.78/.B7/’70